Recent Articles

How To Mine Ethereum Classic? The Legal And Tax Implications

Mining ETC can be quite confusing for newbies and avid miners alike. Thus, we have compiled this blog post, in which we have provided you with all the details required for mining Ethereum Classic.

Max Cipher
Max Cipher
Feb 14, 20243 Shares3.1K Views
Jump to
  1. What Is Ethereum Classic Mining?
  2. Setting Up For Mining: Hardware And Software Requirements
  3. Step-by-Step Guide To Begin Mining Ethereum Classic
  4. Optimizing Your Mining Rig For Maximum Efficiency
  5. Pros And Cons
  6. Understanding Mining Rewards And Payouts
  7. Best Practices For Wallet Safety
  8. Compliance And Taxation
  9. Keeping Up With Ethereum Classic Developments
  10. Troubleshooting Common Mining Issues
  11. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
  12. Conclusion
How To Mine Ethereum Classic? The Legal And Tax Implications

Ethereum Classic (ETC) emerged as a separate blockchain following a critical split from Ethereum in 2016. Its commitment to immutability, unlike Ethereum's response to a hack, defines its distinct identity.

Mining plays a crucial role in the Ethereum Classic network, securing transactions through proof-of-work consensus

In this article, we will provide you with a complete step-by-step guide for mining Ethereum, the requirements for mining, and the pros and cons of mining Ethereum Classic.

What Is Ethereum Classic Mining?

Ethereum Classic mining is the process by which transactions are verified and added to the Ethereum Classic blockchain. It operates on the proof-of-work (PoW) consensus mechanism, where miners compete to solve complex mathematical problems, known as hashing algorithms, to validate transactions and secure the network.

Miners use computational power to solve these algorithms, aiming to be the first to find a valid solution. Once a miner successfully solves the algorithm, they propose a new block of transactions to the network. This block, containing validated transactions, is added to the blockchain, creating a permanent record of transactions.

Miners play a pivotal role in maintaining the integrity and security of the Ethereum Classic network. Their efforts ensure that transactions are legitimate and that the blockchain remains resistant to manipulation or fraud. As a reward for their contributions, miners receive block rewards in the form of newly created Ethereum Classic tokens and transaction fees.

The block rewards incentivize miners to invest computational resources and secure the network. Over time, the difficulty of the mathematical problems adjusts to maintain a consistent block creation rate, ensuring the network's stability and security. Ethereum Classic mining, powered by proof-of-work, relies on miners' computational efforts to sustain the network's functionality and trustworthiness.

Setting Up For Mining: Hardware And Software Requirements

You can mine ETC on both GPUs and ASICs, below, we have provided you with all the hardware and software requirements in order to mine ETC.

Hardware Requirements:

There are no specific requirements for mining Ethereum Classic, as mining ETC is super-easy as compared to mining other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.

Below, we have provided you with all the hardware requirements in order to mine ETC.


AMD vs. NVIDIA: Both AMD and NVIDIA GPUs are popular for Ethereum Classic mining. AMD cards like RX 580 or 5700XT offer decent hash rates at relatively lower prices but consume more power. NVIDIA's GTX 1660 or RTX 3060 might be more power-efficient but slightly pricier.

Hash Rate and Power Efficiency: Higher hash rates lead to faster mining, but power efficiency affects operational costs. Finding a balance is crucial based on budget and electricity expenses.

ASIC Miners:

Efficiency: ASIC miners, such as Bitmain's Antminer E3, are specifically designed for Ethereum Classic. They offer high hash rates and efficiency but come at a higher initial cost and might become obsolete with algorithm changes.

Software Requirements:

You can mine ETC on both Windows and Linux. Both of these software do come with their own set of pros, and cons, which we have discussed in great detail below.

Operating Systems:

Windows vs. Linux: Both Windows and Linux are compatible with mining software. Windows offers user-friendliness, while Linux is preferred for stability and efficiency.

Mining Software:

PhoenixMiner vs. Ethminer: PhoenixMiner is known for high performance and stability. Ethminer, being open-source, is compatible with various GPUs but might have slightly lower performance in some cases.

Pros And Cons:


Amd RX 580:


  • Decent hash rates for mining.
  • Lower cost compared to some alternatives.


  • Higher power consumption.
  • Potential scarcity may affect availability.

Amd RX 5700XT:


  • Good overall performance.
  • Moderately priced for the capabilities.


  • High power consumption.
  • Availability might be an issue.

Nvidia GTX 1660:


  • Power-efficient GPU.
  • Comes at a moderate price point.


  • Slightly higher initial cost.
  • Potential availability issues in some markets.

Nvidia RTX 3060:


  • Energy-efficient with high performance.
  • Offers advanced features.


  • Pricier compared to other options.
  • Potential availability issues could impact availability.

ASIC Miners:

Bitmain Antminer E3:


  • High hash rates for efficient mining.
  • Power-efficient design contributes to cost-effectiveness.


  • Expensive initial investment compared to other options.
  • Potential risk of obsolescence due to technological advancements in mining hardware.

Operating Systems:



  • User-friendly interface, familiar to many users.
  • Extensive software compatibility for various applications.


  • Potential stability issues, especially in resource-intensive tasks.
  • Licensing costs for commercial versions.



  • High stability and efficiency, particularly for server applications.
  • Open-source nature allows for customization and community support.


  • Requires technical knowledge, less intuitive for beginners.
  • Less user-friendly compared to Windows for certain tasks.

Mining Software:



  • High performance, often optimized for various GPUs.
  • Stability in mining operations.


  • Proprietary software, limiting customization.
  • Potential cost associated with certain versions.



  • Open-source nature provides transparency and community collaboration.
  • Versatile, compatible with different GPUs and mining setups.


  • Slightly lower performance in some cases compared to proprietary alternatives.
  • May require more manual configuration for optimal results.

Step-by-Step Guide To Begin Mining Ethereum Classic

Below, we have provided you with a complete step-by-step guide, in which we have listed all the steps required for mining ETC, which includes hardware management to software optimization.

By following the guide, you can conveniently start mining Ethereum Classic.

Step 1: Gather Necessary Hardware

Assembling the mining rig is the initial step. For GPU or ASIC miners, ensuring efficient cooling and stable performance is crucial. Proper ventilation in the mining environment is vital to prevent overheating and hardware failure, ensuring optimal mining conditions.

So, in the very first step, you need to assemble your hardware and then move on to the next steps.

Step 2: Set Up Your Operating System

Choose and install the preferred operating system—commonly Windows or Linux—on your mining rig. This step involves the installation and updating of essential drivers for your GPUs to ensure seamless compatibility and performance.

Above, we have provided you with the pros, and cons of Linux, and Windows, so you need to choose the one which is perfect for your needs.

Step 3: Choose And Install Mining Software

Selecting the right mining software tailored for Ethereum Classic, such as PhoenixMiner or Ethminer, is crucial. Downloading and installing software compatible with your GPUs and operating systems are vital for optimal mining operations.

Step 4: Create A Wallet Address

Setting up an Ethereum Classic wallet is essential to receive mined ETC. Platforms like MyEtherWallet offer secure options. Obtaining a unique wallet address is crucial for directing and accumulating mined ETC.

You need to create a wallet that is compatible with ETC; otherwise, you can lose all of your ETC rewards.

Step 5: Configure Mining Software (e.g., PhoenixMiner)

Access the configuration settings of the selected mining software. Inputting the necessary details, including pool and wallet information, and adjusting settings like intensity or power limit ensures seamless integration with the mining pool.

Step 6: Launch And Monitor Mining

After configuring the mining software, saving the settings and launching the application begins the mining process. Monitoring the software's interface is critical for detecting any errors, ensuring a stable mining operation, and observing hash rates for performance analysis.

Step 7: Optimize And Maintain

Regularly optimizing settings to achieve the best performance without straining hardware is essential. Ensuring software and hardware maintenance, including regular updates, is crucial for stable and profitable mining operations.

Step 8: Track ETC Rewards

Monitoring your wallet or mining pool dashboard allows you to track the accumulation of ETC rewards. As your mining rig contributes to the pool, these rewards are attributed to your wallet address.

Optimizing Your Mining Rig For Maximum Efficiency

To optimize your mining rig for peak efficiency, consider advanced techniques that go beyond initial setup.

Below, we have provided you with a complete list of the steps for optimizing your gig in order to get the maximum out of your rig.

1. Overclock GPUs:

Careful Adjustments: Overclock GPUs cautiously, gradually increasing clock speeds and memory settings to boost hash rates.

Monitoring Temperatures: Regularly monitor GPU temperatures to avoid overheating; consider additional cooling solutions if needed.

Balancing Performance and Stability: Find the sweet spot where increased performance doesn't compromise stability.

2. Software Optimization:

Adjust mining software settings (like intensity or power limits) to optimize performance without stressing hardware.

Some algorithms are more profitable; consider switching algorithms based on market trends.

3. Cooling Solutions:

Install additional fans or invest in liquid cooling systems to maintain optimal temperatures. Ensure proper airflow within the rig to prevent heat buildup and component damage. Doing this simple trick can enhance the working capabilities of the system.

4. Energy Efficiency:

Opt for energy-efficient settings to minimize power usage without significantly affecting hash rates.

Use efficient hardware components, including power supplies and GPUs, to reduce overall energy consumption.

5. Regular Maintenance:

Clean components regularly to prevent dust buildup, which can impede performance and cause overheating.

Regularly inspect hardware components for potential issues and address them promptly.

6. Firmware Updates:

Check for firmware updates for GPUs and mining-related hardware; these updates often include performance enhancements. Whenever there is an update available, update to the latest firmware version.

7. Benchmarking And Testing:

Performance Testing: Benchmark your rig regularly to track changes in hash rates and identify optimal settings.

Stability Testing: Stress test your rig after adjustments to ensure stability and prevent crashes.

Pros And Cons

Solo mining involves individual miners working alone to solve blocks and receive full rewards. It offers autonomy but demands significant computational power, making rewards infrequent and unpredictable.

On the other hand, pool mining involves miners collaborating in a group, combining their resources to solve blocks collectively, and sharing rewards proportionally.

Solo Mining:

Autonomy: Miners have full control and receive the entire block reward.

High Variance: Rewards are infrequent and unpredictable due to the vast computational power needed to solve blocks individually.

Technical Requirements: Demands substantial hardware resources and expertise.

Potential High Rewards: If lucky and persistent, solo miners may gain substantial rewards when solving a block.

Pool Mining:

Steady Income: Miners receive frequent, albeit smaller, rewards based on contributed computational power.

Reduced Variance: Shares rewards evenly among participants, providing a steadier income stream.

Lower Technical Barriers: Accessible for miners with lower computational power and expertise.

Lower Individual Rewards: Shares rewards among participants, reducing potential individual gains.

Ethermine: Known for its reliability, offering a user-friendly interface and regular payouts. It has a significant hash rate share.

Nanopool: Provides stable and consistent payouts, suitable for beginners due to its straightforward setup.

MiningPoolHub: Offers diverse coin mining options, allowing users to switch between coins based on profitability.

Choosing The Best Approach:

Solo Mining: Ideal for experienced miners with considerable computational power seeking potentially higher rewards despite higher variance.

Pool Mining: Suited for beginners or miners with limited resources aiming for a steadier income stream, although individual rewards are smaller.

Solo Mining:


  • Full control over rewards, directly receiving block rewards when successfully mining a block.
  • Autonomy and independence in decision-making.
  • Potential for higher individual rewards when successful.


  • High variance in rewards due to the unpredictable nature of solo mining.
  • Demands significant computational power, which may be challenging for individual miners.
  • Infrequent and unpredictable rewards, as finding a block can take time.

Pool Mining:


  • Steady and frequent payouts, as miners receive a share of the rewards whenever the pool successfully mines a block.
  • Reduced variance in rewards, providing a more stable income stream.
  • Lower technical requirements, making it accessible for miners with limited resources.


  • Lower individual rewards compared to solo mining, as rewards are distributed among pool participants.
  • Relies on the pool's performance; issues with the pool can affect the miner's earnings.
  • Share of rewards among participants may be seen as a drawback for some miners.
  • Higher technical requirements compared to solo mining, though still generally more accessible.

Understanding Mining Rewards And Payouts

In solo mining, the miner works individually and, upon successfully solving a block, receives the entire block reward. However, due to the immense computational power required, rewards can be infrequent and highly variable.

In pool mining, miners collaborate, contributing their computational resources. When the pool collectively solves a block, the reward is distributed among participants based on their contributed computational power. This ensures more frequent but smaller and consistent payouts for miners.

Ethereum Classic mining pools like Ethermine, Nanopool, and MiningPoolHub follow different payout structures:

Ethermine: Known for reliability, it offers regular payouts proportional to contributed hashing power.

Nanopool: Provides stable and consistent payouts, ideal for beginners due to its straightforward setup.

MiningPoolHub: Offers diverse coin mining options, allowing users to switch between coins based on profitability, with payouts based on contributed work.

Payout frequencies vary among pools, ranging from daily to hourly payouts, depending on the pool's policies and the miner's contributed computational power.

Best Practices For Wallet Safety

Securely storing Ethereum Classic (ETC) earnings involves using various wallet types with distinct security features:

Hardware Wallets: Consider Ledger Nano S or Trezor. These physical devices store private keys offline, offering robust security against hacking.

Software Wallets: Use MyEtherWallet or MetaMask. These digital wallets are convenient but vulnerable to online threats. Enable two-factor authentication and keep software updated.

Paper Wallets: Print private and public keys offline for maximum security. Store in a safe, dry place to prevent damage.

Best Practices for Wallet Safety:

Backup: Regularly backup wallet information, including private keys, seed phrases, or JSON files. Store backups in multiple secure locations.

Encryption: Use strong, unique passwords and enable encryption features provided by wallet services.

Offline Storage: Prefer hardware or paper wallets for long-term storage to mitigate online hacking risks.

Secure Environment: Avoid public Wi-Fi and use reputable, secure devices for wallet access.

Updates and Vigilance: Keep wallets updated with the latest security patches. Stay vigilant against phishing attempts and suspicious links.

Ensure thorough research before selecting a wallet and follow these practices diligently to safeguard Ethereum Classic earnings from potential threats.

Compliance And Taxation

Crypto mining involves legal considerations regarding regulatory compliance and taxation.

Regulatory Compliance: Laws and regulations surrounding cryptocurrencies vary globally. Some countries require mining operations to register, obtain licenses, or comply with specific regulations related to financial activities. Compliance with anti-money laundering (AML) and knowing your customer (KYC) regulations might also apply.

Taxation: Tax implications differ based on jurisdictions. Earnings from mining, whether considered income or capital gains, may be subject to taxation. Factors include the classification of cryptocurrencies by tax authorities, mining as a business or personal activity, and the timeframe of holding mined assets.

Consulting legal or tax professionals specializing in cryptocurrency laws is crucial. They can provide personalized advice based on individual circumstances and prevailing regulations in your location. Keeping detailed records of mining activities and seeking expert guidance ensures compliance with evolving regulatory frameworks and tax obligations.

Keeping Up With Ethereum Classic Developments

Staying informed about Ethereum Classic (ETC) developments is crucial for miners and enthusiasts. Resources for ongoing updates and community engagement include

Official Channels: Follow Ethereum Classic's official website and social media accounts for announcements and updates on protocol changes, upgrades, and development progress.

Forums: Engage in discussions and stay updated on platforms like Reddit (r/EthereumClassic) or Bitcointalk's ETC-specific threads. These forums provide insights into community sentiment and upcoming developments.

News Sites: Websites like CoinDesk, CoinTelegraph, or CryptoSlate often cover ETC-related news, upgrades, and market trends.

GitHub Repositories: Monitor Ethereum Classic's GitHub repositories for technical developments, code changes, and proposed upgrades.

Regularly checking these resources ensures a comprehensive understanding of Ethereum Classic's ecosystem, upcoming upgrades, potential forks, and community sentiment, empowering miners to make informed decisions and adapt to changes effectively.

Troubleshooting Common Mining Issues

Common mining issues include hardware failures, software glitches, and connectivity problems. Solutions involve:

Hardware Malfunctions: Check connections, clean components, and ensure proper cooling. Replace faulty hardware if necessary.

Software Errors: Update drivers, reinstall mining software, and ensure compatibility with the operating system. Troubleshoot configuration settings and seek updated versions or alternatives.

Connectivity Issues: Check internet connectivity, reset routers, and verify firewall or antivirus settings. Use different mining pool servers if experiencing connection problems.

Resources For Assistance:

Reddit communities like r/EthereumClassic or r/gpumining offer troubleshooting advice.

Forums on Bitcointalk or Ethereum Classic's official forum provide user experiences and solutions.

Contact mining software developers or hardware manufacturers for specific technical support.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Should I Mine Ethereum Classic Or Bitcoin?

Well, whether you should mine ETC or BTC depends upon your budget, and preferences. Considering the current market situation, we do recommend mining ETC.

Is It Profitable To Mine Ethereum Classic?

The profitability of mining Ethereum Classic depends on factors like hardware costs, electricity rates, mining difficulty, and market value, making its profitability variable and subject to market conditions. Still, it is profitable to mine ETC.

Is ETC Mining The Same As BTC Mining?

ETC and BTC mining vary in algorithms (Ethash vs. SHA-256), hardware (GPU vs. ASIC), rewards, and issuance rates despite both involving transaction verification and blockchain validation.


Mining ETC can be quite confusing for newbies and avid miners alike. Thus, we have compiled this blog post, in which we have provided you with all the details required for mining Ethereum Classic.

Also, we provided a complete and straightforward method for mining Ethereum Classic. By following this guide, you can headstart your ETC mining journey.

Recent Articles